Discrimination and persecution were ingrained in Irish culture, championing conformity, anti- intellectualism and resistance to change up until the turn of the century.

In writing my book, Treoir, I discovered a lot about discrimination. In this article I take a deeper look at the communal and cultural factors that drive racism, sexism, ageism and other forms of bias.

If you’re writing a sweeping saga and keep running into roadblocks because everything has to go through your protagonist’s POV, then you may need a re-write. You could pay an editor thousands of quids to fix your mistake, or you could get smart.